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Conférence de Leif Östam

Publié le 18 septembre 2012 Mis à jour le 28 mars 2013
le 25 octobre 2012

de 13h30 à 18h

ESPE Toulouse - Saint Agne

Conférence de Leif Östam (Université d’Upssala) : Analyse de l’épistémologie pratique de l’élève

I will present and illustrate an analytic method called Practical Epistemology Analyses (PEA) designed for creating knowledge about the importance of students’ previous experience, the interaction with peers and institutional habits for students learning. PEA is developed through inspiration of mainly the later work of Wittgenstein. The reason for designing PEA was the plea from many researchers within cultural psychology, environmental psychology and sociocultural perspective on learning that such a method needed to be created. Within these three research traditions it has been recognized the importance to create knowledge on how the intrapersonal, interpersonal and the cultural interplay when humans learn and what effects differences in the interplay have for what the students learn. This interplay is of course something that most teachers take into account when they teach: in order to develop fruitful teaching one needs to take into account what the students already know, the habit of learning that is established in the group, and how the interplay between students can be used most efficiently. PEA uses empirical data from video or sound recordings and the results from PEA are used within a pragmatic/transactional theory on learning inspired by the work of Dewey and pragmatic curriculum theory. I will illustrate the method through transcripts from different subjects.